Which of the following is the most common restorative material used in dentistry?


  • PMID: 15330384


Direct placement restorative materials for use in posterior teeth: the current options

Karl Lyons et al. N Z Dent J. 2003 Mar.


The purpose of this paper is to provide guidelines to assist in the selection of dental materials for restoring posterior teeth in adolescents. Currently, amalgam is still the best plastic restorative material for some Class I cavities, and for Class II cavities and all multi-surface restorations. Tooth-coloured materials are preferred by some patients and dentists, however these alternatives are more technique sensitive than amalgam. Composite resin is the most common direct placement alternative to dental amalgam, providing patients with relatively low cost, tooth-coloured restorations. However, composite resins have limited indication, their placement is more time-consuming than for amalgam, cost-benefit considerations are a concern, difficulty in obtaining a marginal seal persists and there are few long-term studies published in the peer reviewed scientific literature. The literature currently supports the use of composite resin for the restoration of a limited range of Class I and Class II cavities. Composite resin restorations are not recommended for MOD or other multi-surface restorations. In selected clinical situations, fissure sealants, preventive resin restorations and glass ionomer cement are also appropriate materials to use to restore posterior teeth. Fissure sealants, when properly maintained, can play a significant role in the prevention and control of dental caries in pits and fissures in primary and permanent teeth. Preventive resin restorations should be placed to restore deep pits and fissures with incipient caries and/or developmental defects in primary and permanent teeth. Glass ionomer cement may be used for restoring Class V cavities where appearance is not the primary concern, for conservative Class III cavities, and as a provisional restorative material. It is not recommended for Class II or IV restorations.

Comment in

  • Choice of restorative material.

    Lynam G. Lynam G. N Z Dent J. 2003 Sep;99(3):77-8. N Z Dent J. 2003. PMID: 15328835 No abstract available.

  • Choice of restorative material.

    Grainger P. Grainger P. N Z Dent J. 2003 Jun;99(2):49; author reply 49. N Z Dent J. 2003. PMID: 15332460 No abstract available.

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What are some of the most commonly used dental restorative materials?

Since 2003, the ADA Council on Scientific Affairs has classified materials for direct restorations into four categories: amalgam, resin-based composites, glass ionomer, and resin-modified glass ionomer.

What are two most commonly used materials for restorative fillings?

The types of restorative materials selected by the general dentist are: (1) amalgam, which is the clinical name for silver fillings (this restorative material, first introduced in 1826, was perfected by G.V. Black in 1895); (2) composite resins, which are becoming the most widely accepted material of choice by dentists ...

What is the most common temporary restorative material?

The materials commonly used to make temporary prostheses are acrylic resins and composite resins. (4,5) The latter possess better mechanical characteristics in terms of flexural strength and hardness (5). Acrylic resins: PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate)

Why are restorative materials used in dentistry?

Dental restorative materials are used to replace tooth structure loss, usually due to dental caries (dental cavities), but also tooth wear and dental trauma. On other occasions, such materials may be used for cosmetic purposes to alter the appearance of an individual's teeth.